# What is Data Structures and Algorithms with Explanation?

Data Structures
Data is the normal fact or entity that is utilized in calculation or manipulation.
There are two different types of data such as numerical data and alphanumeric data.

and these two data types specify the nature of the data item that undergoes certain operations.

Integers and floating-point numbers are numerical data types.

therefore, you know, Data may be a single value or it may be a set of values.

Whether it is a single value or a group of values to be processed must be organized in a particular fashion.

so, This organization leads to the structuring of data.

## What is Data Structure?

(a) The logical or mathematical model of data organization is termed as the data structure.
(b) Logical or mathematical description of the structure of data
(c) Implementing this structure on a computer to perform a specific task.
(d) Analyzing this structure in terms of time and memory required to implement it on a machine.

In Data Structures, Data may be organized in many different ways.

therefore, the logical or mathematical model of a particular organization of data structure, The choice of a particular data model

depends on Two considerations.

First, it must be rich enough to mirror the actual relationships of the data in the real world.
another side, the structure should be simple enough that one can effectively process the data when necessary.

Therefore, The data structure can be defined as the collection of elements and all the possible

operations which are required for those set of the element.

Furthermore, another word we can say that Data Structure always will tell us which are the elements required also as well as the legal operations on those sets of elements.

## Needs of Data

as a result, In Data Structures, Data is a collection of raw facts which when refined gives information.

So, it is very difficult to draw a hold line that can differentiate the two terms “Data and Information”. we can get this concept through the following Diagram.

Therefore, we can convert data into information and again information into data means it is a cyclic process.
Data that is acting as information may act as data for another person or at another level while taking the decision.